Boost your Grades with us today!

What was the central debate between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists?

INSTRUCTIONS: For all your Reflection Assignments, you will need to show an understanding of the material presented on Canvas and I will be looking for your own analysis.  Your analysis should show some critical thinking and you should make sure to fully explain your responses.  Please answer ALL of the following questions and answer ALL parts of each question.
1.) What was the central debate between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists? Explain why the Anti-Federalists were big proponents and advocates for the Bill of Rights, and how does the Bill of Rights reflect the ideas and priorities of the Anti-Federalists?

Save your time – order a paper!
Get your paper written from scratch within the tight deadline. Our service is a reliable solution to all your troubles. Place an order on any task and we will take care of it. You won’t have to worry about the quality and deadlines

Order Paper Now

2.) The 4th Amendment is very important and has led to considerable debate.  Based on the material presented, what do you see as the central debates regarding the wording of the 4th amendment, and what did you learn from the video that was embedded in that page of the module?  Specifically, what did you learn about the searches and seizures and the limitations to them?
3.) One of the debates regarding the 8th amendment is what qualifies as “cruel and unusual” punishment.  Some have argued that our prison/incarceration system might count as cruel and unusual and some have also argued that the usage of the death penalty in our country could be labeled as cruel and unusual.  In the module page for the 8th amendment, you were presented with a video that discussed some of the debates regarding this amendment.  The video discussed Supreme Court Justice William Brennan’s 4 guiding principles for determining whether a form of punishment is cruel and unusual. Using those criteria, do you believe that our prison system or the death penalty might qualify as being a cruel and unusual form of punishment?  Explain your answer citing those criteria from the video in your response.
You do not need to write this is an essay-style format.  You can simply number each response #1-3.
This assignment should be submitted through Canvas.  You can either type it directly into Canvas or you can submit an attachment.
The entire assignment should be at least 450 words in length. Keep in mind, this is the BARE MINIMUM that you should do and you should consider going over the minimum in order to receive a high grade on the assignment.
1) Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists
In order to truly understand the purpose of the Bill of Rights and their significance, it is necessary to discuss the debate between two groups of early Americans: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.  These were two groups of people with very different ideas about the how much power the federal government should have.  This debate and conflict was particularly important in the years preceding the writing of the Constitution.  The Bill of Rights can be seen as a compromise between these two groups of people.
One important and influential group of people were called the Federalists.  Their name tells you a lot about what they wanted: they wanted the Constitution to establish a strong and relatively powerful federal government.
After the failure of the Articles of Confederation, this was a group that felt strongly that a better approach would be to design a new constitution that created a strong federal government that would have power over the different states.
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were notable Federalists.  They were also the authors of The Federalist Paperswhich were a collection of essays supporting the passage the new Constitution.  They are important essays and are a good insight into why people wanted a new constitution.
Here is a link to an article that broadly discusses the Federalist Papers  (Links to an external site.)(this is not required reading, but is it interesting).
On the other side were a group of people called the Anti-Federalists.  Again, their name indicates what they wanted: a new constitution that DID NOT give too much power to the federal government and wanted to make sure states retained a relatively large amount of power.  They were concerned that a new constitution would give the federal government a lot of power and that the federal government would then become dictatorial or monarchical.  Anti-Federalists opposed the new constitution.  Notable anti-federalists included Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry.
The Anti-Federalists were ultimately defeated (obviously since we have the Constitution!)  However, they were still an important group of people because they were instrumental in the design and passage of the Bill of Rights.
There were also Anti-Federalist Papers which were written in opposition to the new Constitution.
Lastly, it is important to note that not all of the Founding Fathers were united on what the role of the government should be or what the new Constitution should say.  The debate and disagreement between the two groups ultimately strengthened the Constitution and is a reason why we have the Bill of Rights.
2) 4th Amendment
Here is the exact wording of the 4th Amendment:
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
One of the questions about the Constitution is whether it talks about the topic of PRIVACY.  Meaning, do we have a Constitutional right to privacy?  The simple answer is “no” because the word privacy is not used in the Constitution.  But simply because the word is not used does not mean the right does not exist.
Many point to the 4th Amendment as IMPLYING a right to privacy.  This amendment makes it clear that our person and stuff cannot be searched and taken from us for no reason.  This seems to suggest we have a right to some privacy.
So there are some questions that arise from this amendment:
· What is meant by the word “unreasonable” in the passage “unreasonable searches and seizures?”
· What constitutes “probable cause?”
· How much privacy should we expect?  How much power should the government have in interfering with our privacy, especially if they think we are a threat in some way?  Meaning, if the government thinks we are a danger in some way, do we still maintain rights to privacy? Additionally, what are the limits to our right to privacy?
Watch the video below for more information about the 4th amendment.   This is a required video.

*For clarification from the video, if the police pull you over, that is not necessarily probable cause to search your vehicle UNLESS you grant them permission to search it OR they clearly see something illegal in the car (like a large amount of cocaine in the backseat).  They might also have probable cause if they suspect that the reason you are speeding is because you are fleeing the scene of a crime (as mentioned in the video).  As you can see, this is all VERY confusing and complicated and often things are decided on a case-by-case basis.  But part of the confusion results from the rather vaguely worded 4th Amendment.
3) 8th Amendment
Here is the exact wording of the 8th Amendment:
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
A few key components of this amendment are the mention of “bail” and “cruel and unusual punishment.”  Bail is the temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial.  Usually the release from jail is on the condition that they pay a certain amount of money and promise to reappear for their trial.
There are a number of debates that arise from this amendment:
What constitutes “excessive” bail?  Recently,
to address the issue of excessive bail and how lower-income people are often disproportionately subjected to having to pay bail in excess of what they are capable.
· What constitutes “cruel and unusual punishment?”  Is the death penalty “cruel and unusual punishment?”  Are our prisons “cruel and unusual?”
· Can you think of any of any examples of cruel and unusual punishment in our legal system or in what the police do?
Please watch the video below for more of a discussion on the idea of cruel and unusual punishment.  This is a required video.
“Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!”

Looking for a Similar Assignment? Our Experts can help. Use the coupon code SAVE30 to get your first order at 30% off!