The overall increase in the size of cities and populations requires a significant change in the system of transportation. Traffic congestion increases fuels consumption, pollution and also leads to the loss of time that could be used for productive activities. The management, logistics, and transportation class provide the student with the knowledge and skills to help deal or manage such situations.
The term Transportation Demand Management (TDM) refers to strategies that increase the sustainability and efficiency through the encouragement of a shift from single-occupant vehicle to non-single occupant vehicles. Transportation demand management increases the modes through which passengers travel and this, in turn, reduces auto trips and the mileage traveled by vehicles. A majority of the urban transportation plans are focused on moving people and goods as opposed to motor vehicles. Therefore, increasing transportation options is highly relevant as it encourages people to change their traveling options.
Transportation Demand management programs are usually developed and implemented through private, public or through partnerships. Effective implementation of this programs has significant impacts on transportation behavior and its efficiency.
All urban settings and their respective governments have the responsibility of ensuring an efficient and a sustainable form of transportation has been put in place. All governments have the mandate of developing their transportations networks however they may not always be able to cater for the constant population growth. This is influenced by the fact that it is a daunting task to recreate a transportation network that would work effectively with the constant increase in population. In addition, it is cumbersome to deal with vehicles that emanate from different places (rural regions) and increase traffic in cities with Transportation Demand Management programs already in place.
The Transportation Demand Management approach provides a leeway for a sustainable environment. This essay will, therefore, provide information on the importance of utilizing this approach as it guarantees a more effective society even though tasked with a number of challenges. Successful implementation of this approach will, therefore, require constant research to find better convenient ways to avoid congestion in urban cities.
Congestion pricing is a Transportation Demand Management program that discourages drivers from driving to certain areas or through roadways during peak hours. Drivers are charged based on the level of congestion and time of the day. This method increases the rate of transit ridership, decreases the levels of pollution and number of vehicular accidents and provides more reliable travel times.
This, in turn, raises the revenue for the transportation system especially the transit system. London implemented this design in 2003 and in three years, it led to the decrease of in peak period delays by 30% and a 50% decline in bus delay. Transportation Demand Strategies include high capacity transit, parking management and transportation-efficient development all which have also proved to be successful in the decrease of congestion.
The application of these strategies, however, are dependent on the desired goal (congestion reduction, parking cost saving, pollution reduction etc.). The combination of these goals usually leads to the implementation of Traditional Demand Strategies. The effectiveness of a particular Transportation Demand Strategy is difficult to determine however the utilization of a number of these programs achieve notable success.
In conclusion, the rise in motorization requires a significant development of significant sustainable methods of managing congestion in urban cities. Financial resources and political will are therefore required in order to effectively implement these strategies. There is also the need of constant research to develop better ways to making this approach more sustainable.