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[This style guide shows how I wish you to format your final research project in APA style. Page number and running head appear in upper right corners, though not on this cover page. Click on Insert > Page Number > Top of Page > Plain Number 3. Then beside the page number type your running header?an abbreviation of your title?in caps. You?ll also have to go to Page Number > Format Page Numbers > Start at 0. Everything is Times New Roman, size 12. You may use my APA guide here as a template for your research essay. This guide is five pages long, starting with this page 0, so be sure to read to the end. ?sphd]
Harold Pinter?s Influence on Quentin Tarantino [your title, centered] Uma Thurman [your name]?Coastline Community College
English 100?Professor Davis?[whatever your date is] August 13, 2012
An abstract is a summary of the key points of your research, written as a single paragraph. Don?t indent the abstract. OWL at Purdue (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/) suggests the following: Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: (italicized), and then list your keywords. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. Thus:
Keywords: Reservoir Dogs, Dumb Waiter, Samuel Jackson, Kahuna Burger
PINTER AND TARANTINO 1
Harold Pinter?s Influence on Quentin Tarantino [re-type your full title here, centered]
Begin your introduction! Indent the first line of a new paragraph as usual. Open with a snappy ?hook? or ?lead? that catches the reader?s attention. Briefly give the background of the assignment and your research methods and sources. Close with a Thesis Sentence stating what your research project does / shows / demonstrates / reveals. You may use ?I? sparingly in this research project. These sample paragraphs are 1.15-spaced, by the way; yours should be double- spaced.
You?ll write body paragraphs. Each should open with a transition connecting the previous paragraph to the new paragraph. A topic sentence stating the main idea of the paragraph should then follow, or can be combined with the transition. Which is smoother? Read aloud to find out. After quoting, write the source in parenthesis (Source?s Last Name, Year of publication). Remember, this is APA style. MLA style, on the other hand, requires the page number where you found the quote instead of the year. Remember that you are both creating an imaginary country AND arguing for policies using evidence you found from research. Minimum of five sources required. You should also cover five different aspects (governance, arts, family units, etc.) of your country. Your paper length, including cover page, abstract, and references (which add up to three pages), is a minimum of ten pages.
Conclusions are never hard, but are always tricky. To conclude with a sense of closure (the door is locked, your word is absolute), you?ll first synthesize (NOT summarize) your essay?s arguments, meaning you?ll show how it all fits together. To add more style:
1. Link the last paragraph back to the first paragraph by referring back to a person, symbol, or description introduced in the first paragraph. This is called ?bookending.??2. Answer a Q posed in the first paragraph. This is called ?echoing.??3. Use a simple, definitive final sentence.
4. Close with a rhetorical technique such as chiasmus (see h.o. from first week). 5. Give a relevant anecdote.
To leave your essay more open ended:?1. Insert a quotation that amplifies or expands your essay?s purview;?2. put your essay in a larger context.?3. Consider the short/long term implications of your essay.?4. Pose a Q or challenge to the reader;?5. Add an ironic or surprising observation (use this cautiously; don?t sound flippant) 6. End with a ?clever? remark;?7. Give your hope or recommendation
PINTER AND TARANTINO 2
8. Criticize or praise something/someone (use cautiously)?Do NOT simply summarize your essay or undercut your ethos at the last minute. Scroll down to see References…
PINTER AND TARANTINO 3
[Your sources will be alphabetical by last name. Write ?Retrived from? when using an online source or database. Below is a sample. Remember the minimum number of sources is five, with three coming from EBSCO. -sphd]
Lally, R. (1997, October 6). Ultraviolence in play and movies. (Electronic Version.) The L.A. Times, p. B3. Retrieved from EBSCOhost database.
PINTER AND TARANTINO 4