Creating?Cultures?and?Researching?Change!

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Description
All of the information you will need to complete the paper is attached in two word documents below. I need 6
full pages of text WITHOUT the title page. It is very important that my paper is both completed on time and to
the exact specifications of the assignments.

This assignment provides you with an opportunity to utilize your capacities for imagination, critical thinking, and theoretically/conceptually grounded analytical and writing skills. It also allows you to examine the ways in which change in one aspect of culture reverberates throughout. Change happens change is happening and often with unintended consequences. This exercise will also provide practice in anticipating the unintended and unanticipated! Specifically, you will be creating your own cultural group and introducing an aspect of change that you will consider the effects of from an anthropological viewpoint. The assignment consists of four elements. Be sure to carefully read and consider the description and the (pending) grading rubric as you prepare your assignment. There are partial examples of each of the four elements at the end of the assignment.

As always, Chelsea and I are here to help you by answering questions about the assignment, brainstorming and giving feedback on your ideas, and commenting on drafts (but not at the last minute. I will not give feedback via email. You must come to office hours.)

Throughout your essay you must incorporate and apply a minimum of 7 and a maximum of 8 anthropological concepts. A list of possible concepts will be available on Canvas during the week of November 7. Be sure to clearly demonstrate that you know what the terms mean (see examples below). Also be sure to underline the terms (again, see below). Be sure to define the terms in your own words and cite and/or quote any relevant texts or class lectures.

First, you will invent and describe a history for your culture and an environmental context, as well as political, economic, social and belief systems. (This section should be about 1.5 pages in length.)

Second, you will introduce some element of change, e.g., a new technology, an externally-imposed policy change, a natural or human-made disaster, significant political changes, an epidemic, etc. In completing the second step you must include description of how the new agent of change might alter different aspects of the created culture (you must be true to anthropological principles when doing this this is not practice in writing fiction, a reality TV script, science fiction, etc. Instead, this assignment provides you with an opportunity to practice thinking anthropologically). (This section should be about 1.5 pages in length.)

Third, you will introduce an anthropology graduate student into the mix, and take on their role as a researcher. You will choose one aspect of your hypothesized change scenario that you, as the graduate student, will investigate. To do this, you must identify and state a research problem (the aspect of the changed scenario you have identified for investigation), provide a testable hypothesis, and describe the data you will need to collect to test the hypothesis. (This section should be 1-1.5 pages in length.)

Fourth and Finally, in your conclusion, you will present a case for how the results of your research might actually assist in mitigating negative and/or unintended consequences of change. You should also reflect on how the results of your research might be used to assist the culture in successfully negotiating impending change, and the unintended consequences that so often result. (This section should be 2-3 pages in length.)

Style and Formatting requirements:
Include your name and a title at the top of the first page. Your title should describe the topic of your assignment. Final paper is not an acceptable assignment.
Insert a header with your full name and page numbers
Your assignment must be double-spaced and a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 7 pages (we will not read or grade past the 7th page)
ONLY 12-point font using Cambria, Calibri, or Times New Roman
One-inch margins on all sides (not necessarily the default setting, you might have to set this yourself
Examples of the Four Elements of the Assignment
NOTE: I (Professor Koch) am using a real society in my examples, based upon my own research. You should invent yours. DO NOT copy plots from any fictional or non-fiction sources (news stories, TV shows, video or online group games, social media networks, books, comic series, etc.) Take inspiration from different themes and topics of the course that you found interesting. DO NOT use sentences or phrasings provided below then quote and cite the assignment as your source. That is NOT an option. If your assignment uses any of the exact wordings that I use here, you will be guilty of plagiarism and will get zero points for the assignment. I will follow formal procedure for documenting the academic offense and there will be a record of plagiarism of your record with the Registrar.

1 Introduction
This paper discusses contemporary Georgian society in relation to tuberculosis control. Georgia is a small country in the South Caucasus that borders Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Black Sea. Georgian history dates back to the Third Century, and is rich in stories of war and occupation by empires desiring control for its important geopolitical location. The country is most well-known for its inclusion in the Soviet Union. On April 9, 1991 the Republic of Georgia broke away from the centralized and socialist Soviet regime to become an independent state. Georgia s initial separation from the Soviet Union was tumultuous, at best. The first elected president was ousted in a coup d etat in December of 1991, and civil war ensued between Georgia and Abkhazia over the latter s autonomy [YOU WOULD HERE EXPLAIN WHAT ABKHAZIA IS]. Although active combat ended in 1993, the country was left in a state of political, economic, and cultural turmoil until the next President was elected in 1995

The remainder of the first section should go on to provide a brief history and in-depth description of the cultural group you are writing about, including things like the environment (rural or urban mountainous or coastal What continent(s) or body/bodies of water is it on or near What is the climate like Is it affected by climate change How to people subsist What kind of social groupings and hierarchies are present Is the society individualistic, like the Nacirema or more communal What kind of political system is there What kinds of social inequalities are present (racism, gender discrimination and sexism, homophobia, religious fundamentalism, caste, class, etc. And so on )

THAT WAS JUST A PARTIAL EXAMPLE OF THE KIND OF INFORMATION YOU SHOULD INCLUDE IN THE FIRST SECTION.

2 Element of Change
Once you have provided the background, history, and description of the cultural group, you will introduce the element of change.
For example:
In the years immediately following Georgia s new independence, the health of the population, and the health care system greatly suffered. Amid poverty and an energy crisis, rates of infectious diseases like tuberculosis skyrocketed. The case study investigates how the collapse of the Soviet Union affected rates of tuberculosis, and the resources available to the Georgian health care system to respond to the epidemic in relation to political, economic, cultural, and environmental factors. I focus in particular on the change from the Soviet approach to TB-control to the WHO-based standardized DOTS protocol. I am interested in the cultural differences in those two approaches to TB control, and in the benefits and unintended consequences of implementing the DOTS approach and the reliance on foreign assistance for long-term TB control. [THE AGENT OF CHANGE HERE IS A DRAMATIC CHANGE IN HOW TB IS DIAGNOSED, TREATED, AND MANAGED.]
THAT WAS JUST A PARTIAL EXAMPLE OF THE KIND OF INFORMATION YOU SHOULD INCLUDE IN THE SECOND SECTION.

Example of correct term usage: The pastoralists on Creatania engage in unicorn herding as a way of life. One aspect of their social system is patrilineal descent which means that only males inherit unicorns from their parents. Unicorns are important to marriage arrangements because they are used for bridewealth. The groom and his family present them as gifts to the bride and her family before or during marriage.

Example of incorrect term usage: The pastoralists on Creatania practice patrilineal descent and bridewealth. (Although this sentence uses the underlined terms correctly, it is unacceptable because it does not demonstrate knowledge of the terms).

3 Graduate Student Researcher
The primary researcher for this project is Erin Koch, a Ph.D. student in anthropology at the New School for Social Research. This research will provide the data for her doctoral dissertation. It will also provide analyses that will be useful for local and global public health policy. Ms. Koch intends to investigate the following research problem: How did the effect of Soviet collapse affect rates of tuberculosis and the government s capacity to manage the disease How will Georgian and expatriate professionals work together to implement the WHO-based DOTS approach to TB control so that it works in the Georgian context Her hypothesis is the following: As a standardized approach to TB control the DOTS approach is a necessary global health intervention. However, standardization can undermine local expertise and history, and the approach must be augmented to the local context so to avoid adverse effects of policy implementation.
THAT WAS JUST A PARTIAL EXAMPLE OF THE KIND OF INFORMATION YOU SHOULD INCLUDE IN THE THIRD SECTION.

4 Conclusion
The findings of this anthropological research project have significant implications for local and global public health policy. They bring into sharp relief the benefits and unintended consequences of standardization in infectious disease control. In this final section I summarize my main findings and provide policy recommendations. I also discuss the ways in which Georgian TB professionals and patients have made DOTS more effective in the local context.

My first main finding is that standardization and the heavy emphasis on laboratory-based diagnosis in the DOTS approach undermines clinical expertise. Then go on to talk about the finding in more detail, including a brief discussion of the actual data based on your anthropological research, and its significance for policy or how your results might assist or mitigate the negative and/or unintended consequences of the change.

My second main finding is that passive case finding, when patients are only screened for the disease when they recognize symptoms and risk social stigma by going to the doctor for testing runs counter to local cultural beliefs about disease and illness. Then go on to talk about the finding in more detail, including a brief discussion of the actual data based on your anthropological research, and its significance for policy or how your results might assist or mitigate the negative and/or unintended consequences of the change.

My third main finding is that putting antibiotics at the center of TB control, and fixed drug regimens and rigid approaches to direct observation of medicine ingestion are actually fueling the rise and spread of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Then go on to talk about the finding in more detail, including a brief discussion of the actual data based on your anthropological research, and its significance for policy or how your results might assist or mitigate the negative and/or unintended consequences of the change. For this third finding, for example, that might include advocating for social support for patients (not just giving them antibiotics, which will not cure or stop tuberculosis), and more flexible treatment regimens.

Keywords and Concepts

Evolution
Natural Selection
Sexual Selection
Heredity
Positive and Negative Eugenics
Variation
Race
Gender
Sex
Sexuality
Personhood
Liminality
Rites of Passage
Stratified Reproduction
Social Stratification
Emic and Etic
Embodiment
Syncretism
Semantics of Biology
Androcentric
Linguistic Inequality
Kinship
Cultural Relativism
Relatedness
Pragmatics
Ethnopragmatics
Ethnocentrism
Participant Observation
Human Agency
Holism