Often, drug use goes past the simple ingestion of a planning in order to encounter a mental response or even a physical response. Social impacts, myths, young disobedience and potential lawful outcomes may antagonistically influence the conduct. Social exercises, use by companions, prominent pictures, references in music, myths, accessibility, potential legitimate results, and young resistance can give a more prominent hugeness to the conduct. The vast majority of the circumstances, drug abuse happens inside the social setting. This paper uses the conflict theory as a macro theory and symbolic interactionism as a micro theory to contrast the social phenomenon of drug use in our society today.
Conflict theory is social level macro-theory. It emphasizes on how structural factors that prevail in our society influence the rate of drug use. This theory hold that those people who come from lower social classes, low income families and slums lead in the population of chronic drug users. Social conflict theory puts forward that the poor and some marginalized communities are the ones that suffer the negative effects of drug use. It is often believed that poor and minority people will probably take part in drug use as a method for conquering their monetary issues and feeling of estrangement, in this way sustaining dangerous cycles of drug abuse and savagery.
A bigger percentage of drug use in poor urban territories comes about because of racial imbalance, destitution and different conditions influencing individuals in these areas. Racial and ethnic preference and imbalance decide why a few drugs are illegal and also the legitimate penalties for these drugs. The expansive multinational companies that market and offer liquor, tobacco, and other legal drugs assume a capable part in the fame of these medications (Allen, 2007).
Conflict theory focuses on the negative impacts of social disparity and the endeavors of the elites at the highest point of society’s chain of command to keep up their position. This theory helps us comprehend drug use in no less than three regards. In the first place, much drug use in poor urban zones comes about because of the destitution, racial imbalance, and different conditions influencing individuals in these areas. They swing to illegal drugs mostly to feel better about their circumstance, and sometimes because the illicit drug market is a conceivably incredible wellspring of income.
The other conflict theory states that ethnic prejudice and racial prejudice and disparity decide why a few drugs are termed to be illegal and in addition the criminal punishments for these drugs. A case of conflict theory is found in the historical backdrop of the illegality of marijuana, opium and cocaine. As it has been stated, racial and ethnic partiality assumed an imperative part in why these basic drugs in the nineteenth century got to be distinctly illegal. These were bias against Mexican Americans for pot, bias against Chinese foreigners for opium and preference against African Americans for cocaine (Heckathorn & Lucas, 1982). Another evidence for the conflict theory can be the case of crack and powdered cocaine, the penalties for crack are much harsher than those for powdered cocaine even if the grams are equal let alone the fact that the two drugs are pharmacologically indistinguishable. Powder cocaine users are mainly the whites who are averagely well off while crack users are fundamentally poor African Americans in urban regions. These can clearly be used to show that the harsher punishments associated with crack are racially biased.
The last conflict theory focuses on the colossal impact that multinational organizations have in the promoting and offer of the legitimate drugs that regularly have destructive individual and societal outcomes. To boost their benefits, these organizations give a valiant effort to persuade Americans and individuals in different countries to use their items. They likewise burn through billions of dollars to entryway Congress. Every one of these endeavors outline conflict theory’s basic perspective of the part that companies play in today’s general public.
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM THEORY
Symbolic interaction is the procedure of collaboration in the development of implications for people. It is a small scale hypothetical point of view in human science that significantly addresses the way individuals make and keep up the general public through important communications. The aim of this hypothesis in human science is to view the general public as a result of day by day social connections among individuals. Symbolic interaction theory is utilized to clarify the etiology of drug abuse and dependence.
Today’s general public is made up of individuals who are guided by their own encounters and attributes they have developed from the society they live in. Symbolic interactionism theory argues that drug use emerges from an individual’s interaction with individuals who participate in drug use. From this kind of social interaction, an individual figures out how to use a drug furthermore learns different dispositions that legitimize drug use and characterize the impacts of a drug as impacts that are agreeable (Robboy, Greenblatt, & Clark, n.d.).Symbolic Interactionism views drug use as an individual activity. Humanist with this point of view trust individuals act toward drugs in light of the importance those things have for them. Propositions implications are gotten from social interaction and altered through understanding. Symbolic interactionism takes a gander at the issue on a micro level expecting that people settle on their own decisions (Reynolds & Herman-Kinney, 2003).
All through in the society, symbols are used for all parts of regular day to day existence, including drugs and liquor. EDM can be used as a symbol which has increased drug use by providing more room for deviants to interact. The EDM has been converted into some sort of a subculture where most individuals share a particular form of deviance. There is high probability that if a person who doesn’t use drugs is likely to use them when he or she attends an EDM concert. This is because he or she will tend to interact with the people around and try to create bonds. The person tends to feel misplaced and will try to fit to the character of the people in the concert. This is because it is very easy to learn deviance from others. At EDM concerts, most people share a certain form of deviance. This leads to them being members of a deviant subculture. This culture is based on shared deviance and it differs from the general public culture. In this sub culture created due to interaction, people adopt new norms and they will often feel alienated from the society. The person now views the people in the deviant subculture as his or her primary source of interaction. They tend to feel comfortable among other deviant people. This is where EDM comes in by providing them a larger subculture where they get to interact with other deviants. This is the reason as to why EDM has been stigmatized by drugs and most of the times, it is not about the DJ but it’s about how high the people will be.
Drug use is now a common parlance in our society and we cannot get rid of it but it essential to know the reasons behind drug use. This paper has put forward to theories that have been used to contrast the social phenomenon on drug use. This will help in understanding about drug use from different schools of theory as it has used a macro and micro theory to talk about the issue.
Allen, C. (2007). Crime, drugs and social theory (1st ed.). Aldershot, England: Ashgate.
Heckathorn, D. & Lucas, W. (1982). Bridging Consensus and Conflict Theory in Drug Use Research: A “Unified” Theoretic Perspective. Journal of Drug Issues, 12(4), 443-455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002204268201200410
Reynolds, L. & Herman-Kinney, N. (2003). Handbook of symbolic interactionism (1st ed.). Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.
Robboy, H., Greenblatt, S., & Clark, C. Social interaction (1st ed.).